In this paper, I explore the dialogue between princeps and poets surrounding the 23 BCE death of Marcus Claudius Marcellus, Augustus’ nephew, son-in-law, and potential heir. Scholarly treatments of Marcellus’ passing often focus on a single reaction (see, e.g., Falkner, Freudenburg, Shaya), but a synoptic analysis reveals the debate about the youth’s commemorative value. By considering material and literary monuments together, I argue that they reveal how Marcellus’ traumatic loss can be integrated within a successful narrative, even as they raise questions about memory’s capacity to encompass a death and demarcate a beginning. Memorialized several times over by the emperor, Marcellus is set within a standardized memory that includes the triumphant stories of Rome’s heroes and Augustus’ family. In the poets’ verses, though, Marcellus’ death resists the centripetal pull of a comprehensible social memory, as his own identity, along with that of this new Rome, become blurred.
Throughout the paper, I draw on work from Memory Studies to consider the complex array of reactions to Marcellus’ death. Zerubavel’s term “commemorative density,” for instance, elucidates how certain moments from a collective past may be remembered with a heightened intensity, while Assmann explores how a community’s founders experience their society’s origins and also have the power to communicate those events as memories in the future. Citizens of Augustan Rome occupied just such a mnemonic space, although it was attended by remarkable complexities. Along with uncertainty about the nature of this new foundation, not every member of that community had the will or ability to transform their individual recollections into a social memory. Augustus, though, possessed both the desire and power to foster a standardized commemoration of the past, and Rome’s poets interjected their own voices within this larger conversation as well.
Augustus’ commemorations of Marcellus seek to portray his death as part of a larger story of the triumphs of the city and its new imperial family. Honored through burial in Augustus’ Mausoleum, the dedication of a theater in his name, and inclusion amongst the Augustan Forum’s summi viri, Marcellus is associated with familial longevity and martial success. The triumphal route, for instance, likely passed either directly outside of his theater or through the structure itself, while the placement of his statue in Augustus’ new forum elides the trauma of his death by situating him within a visual display of strength and continuity.
The verses of Horace (C. 1.12), Propertius (3.18), and Vergil (A. 6.854-886), though, characterize Marcellus and his death as an event that destabilizes both his individual identity as well as the meaning of Augustus’ Rome. Horace’s Ode, for instance, likely written just prior to Marcellus’ passing, already raises the possibility of a blurring between this youth and his eponymous ancestor, a famous third-century BCE politician and general. This same link is emphasized in Propertius, and Vergil exploits this possibility further in the Aeneid, where Aeneas wonders in confusion at the two Marcelli in the underworld, one of whom is bathed in glory, the other in doom. Compared to Augustus’ commemorations, fractures radiate outward from these poems. By blurring Marcellus’ identity with that of his eponymous ancestor and focusing as much on the lost future as on past victories, the poets call into doubt memory’s ability to capture Marcellus’ singularity and to confer a stable meaning both on his death and on Augustus’ new foundation itself.
Listed below are the Geology and Environmental Science MS and PhD graduates for the years 2000 to present. Please contact the Academic Coordinator, Annemarie Vranesevic (firstname.lastname@example.org) if you are a graduate who has been left out or you can provide a missing title.
Ace, Ashley, MS
“Documenting the Geometry and Magnitude of Shortening at the Valley and Ridge - Appalachian Plateau Transition: Lycoming County, Pennsylvania"
Coughlin, Justin, MS
“Reactive Nitrogen Emissions and Deposition from Unconventional Natural Gas Extraction in the Marcellus Shale Basin"
Hortert, Christopher, MS
“Contaminated Groundwater Flow Control Across an Inverted Groundwater Divide with Three Groundwater Control Devices"
Zorn, Erich, Ph.D.
“Integrated Analysis and Interpretation of Microseismic Monitoring of Hydraulic Fracturing in the Marcellus Shale”
Dieterich, Matthew, MS
“Physicochemical Effects of Synthetic Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid on Core Samples of the Middle Devonian Marcellus Shale and Underlying Huntersville Chert, Greene County, Pennsylvania, USA”
Finkenbinder, Matthew, Ph.D.
“Lake sediment records of late Quaternary Paleoclimate Change from Alaska and Newfoundland Developed using Sedimentology and Geochemical Proxies”
Lavin, Sarah, MS
“Estimating the Limits of Infiltration in the Urban Appalachian Plateau"
Pfister, Samantha, MS
“Geochemical and Lithium Isotope Characterization of Ogallala Aquifer and Permian Basin Carbonate Reservoir Waters at an Enhanced Oil Recovery Site, Northwest Texas, USA”
Rak Adam J., MS
“Geometry, Kinematics, Exhumation, and Sedimentation of the Northern Bolivian Fold-Thrust-Belt-Foreland Basin System”
Reath, Kevin, Ph.D.
“Thermal Infrared Analysis of Volcanic Processes”
Spaulding, Richard, MS
“A Quantitative Assessment of Atmospherically Generated Foam Cements: Insights, Impacts, and Implications of Wellbore Integrity and Stability”
Hillman, Aubrey, Ph.D.
“Lake Sediment Records Examining the Spatial and Temporal Connections of Human Activity and Climate Change in Southwestern China”
Hopkins, Kristina, Ph.D.
“From Small Watersheds to Regions: Variation in Hydrologic Response to Urbanization”
Kolesar, Courtney, MS
“Strontium Isotopes Test Long-Term Zonal Isolation of Injected and Marcellus Formation Water after Hydraulic Fracturing”
Misner, Tamara, PhD
“Geochemical and Lithologic Response of an Upland Watershed over the Past 800 Years to Landscape Changes in Southern Burgundy , France”
Mur, Alan, PhD
“Experimental Rock Physics and Applied Geophysical Models for Long-Term Monitoring of Carbon Dioxide Injected Reservoirs”
Pompeani, David, Ph.D.
“Human impacts on the environment over the Holocene in Michigan and Illinois using lake sediment geochemistry”
Delaney, Daniel , MS
“Ultrasonic Seismic Wave Attenuation, Petrophysical Models and Work Flows for Better Subsurface Imaging, Energy Exploration, and Tracking of Sequestrated Carbon Dioxide”
Divers, Marion Teresa, PhD
“Sources and Dynamics of Reactive Nitrogen to an Urban Watershed”
Gardiner, James, PhD
“Isotopic Investigation of Subsurface Rock and Fluid Interactions: Case Studies of CO2 Sequestration and Gas-Bearing Shale Formations”
Glosser, Deborah, MS
“Environmental Health and Safety Dynamics of the Marcellus Shale in Pennsylvania”
Hungerford, Jefferson D. G., PhD
“The Mechanics of Subglacial Basaltic Lava Flow Emplacement: Inferring Paleo-Ice Conditions”
Price, Mark A., MS
“Thermophysical Characteristics of Mantled Terrestrial Volcanic Surfaces: Infrared Analogs to Arsia Mons”
Clark, Kaitlin, MS
“A 1000-Year Oxygen Isotope Record of South American Hydroclimate from Lake Junin in the Central Andes of Peru”
Felix, Joseph, PhD
“Examining the Sources and Transport of Reactive Nitrogen Emissions Using Stable Isotopes Techniques”
Graettinger, Alison, PhD
“Building Ice-Age Askja: Processes, Products, and Paleoclimate”
McGuire, Mary K., MS
“Distribution of Cogenetic Iron and Clay Deposits in the Central Appalachian Region”
Mohammad, Redha, PhD
“Using Thermal Infrared (TIR) Data to Characterize Dust Storms and their Sources in the Middle East”
Purcell, Christopher, PhD
“Velocity Measurements in Reservoir Rock Samples from a Limestone Unit Using Various Pore Fluids, and Integration with Well Logs and Seismic Data”
Chapman, Elizabeth, PhD
"Fossil Fuel Related Water-Rock Interaction in the Appalachian Basin, Pennsylvania and New York: A Geochemical and Strontium Isotope Investigation"
Hillman, Aubrey, MS
"A 2500 Year Lake Sediment Record of Drought and Human Activity from Southwestern China"
Hughes, Christopher, PhD
"Improved Mapping Accuracy of Planetary Surfaces Using Super-Resolution of Thermal Infrared Data"
Kagy, Holly, MS
"Interaction of Basaltic Dikes and Wet Lapilli Tuff at Glaciovolcanic Centers: A Case Study of Sveifluháls, Iceland as a Terrestrial Analog for Dike-Cryosphere Interaction on Mars"
Lee, Rachel, PhD
"Thermal Emission Spectroscopy of Silicate Glasses and Melts: Applications to Remote Sensing of Glassy Volcanic Environments"
Mercurio, Emily Constantine, PhD
"Processes, Products and Depositional Environments of Ice-Confined Basaltic Fissure Eruptions: A Case Study of the Sveifluháls Volcanic Complex, SW Iceland"
Reath, Kevin, MS
"Hyperspectral Thermal Infrared Analysis of the Salton Sea Geothermal Field"
Simoneau, Elizabeth, MS
"Eruption and Emplacement Mechanisms and Paleoenvironment of Phreatomagmatic Tephra at Koko Crater Tuff Cone, O’ahu, Hawaii"
Steinman, Byron, PhD
"Quantitative Drought Reconstruction in the Pacific Northwest from Lake Sediment Records and Predictive Models"
Williams, Lindsay, MS
"Brittle Tertiary Detachments in the Specter Range, Southern Nevada, and their Implications for Groundwater Flow Southward from the Nevada Test Site"
Brubaker, Tonya Michelle, MS
"Strontium Isotope Systematics of Coal Utilization Byproducts and Their Interaction With Environmental Waters"
Middlecamp, Katherine Marie, MS
"Isotopic Investigation of Anthropogenic Sources of Atmospheric Nitrogen and Carbon Along Spatial Gradients"
Morealli, Sarah Angelina, MS
"Extension-Related Breccias: Implications for Groundwater Flow From Pahute Mesa to Near Beatty, Nevada"
Rose, Shellie, PhD
"Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing of Active Basaltic Volcanoes: A Thermal and Spectral Deconvolution Approach"
Wolfe, Amy Lynn, PhD
"Oxidative Dissolution of Pyrite: A Combined Experimental and Iron Isotope Investigation"
Bird, Broxton Williams, PhD
"Millennial- To Annual-Scale Holocene Climate Change in the Alaskan Arctic and Tropical Andes Inferred from Physical Sedimentology and Geochemical Indicators Preserved in Finely Laminated Alpine Lake Sediment Archives"
Scheidt, Stephen Paul, PhD
"Aeolian System Dynamics Derived from Thermal Infrared Data"
Stansell, Nathan, PhD
"Rapid Climate Change in the Tropical Americas During the Late-Glacial Interval and the Holocene"
Carter, Adam Joseph, PhD
"Quantitative Thermal Infrared Analyses of Volcanic Processes and Products: Application to Bezymianny Volcano, Russia"
Cassidy, Brianne Michelle , MS
"A 94-Year Lake Sediment Record of Industrial Pollutants in the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Area"
Kaminskiy, Vladislav F., PhD
"Geophysical Surveys Aimed To Save Human Lives By Facilitating Safety Assessment"
LaMoreaux, Kristen, MS
"Recognizing Ice-Contact Trachyte-Phonolite Lavas at The Mount Edziza Volcanic Complex, British Columbia, Canada"
Laó-Dávila, Daniel Alberto, PhD
"Serpentinite Emplacement and Deformation in Western Puerto Rico and Their Implications for The Caribbean North America Plate Boundary Tectonic History"
Mohammad, Redha, MS
"Geographical Information System Based Analysis of Paleofluvial Systems in the Kuwait Region"
Lipinski, Brian, PhD
"Integrating Geophysics and Geochemistry To Evaluate Coalbed Natural Gas Produced Water Disposal, Powder River Basin, Wyoming"
Piaschyk, Damian, MS
"Detachment Faults Between the Specter Range and Southern Spring Mountains: A Transpressional Fault Zone Along the Las Vegas Valley Shear Zone, Southeastern Nevada"
Robinson, Kevin, MS
"A Holistic Paleolimnological Study of North-Central Mongolian Lakes"
Spivak-Birndorf, Lev, MS
"Sequential Leaching Of Coal Utilization By-products: Geochemistry and Strontium Isotope Systematics"
Stafford, Sherry, PhD
"Precambrian Paleosols as Indicators of Paleoenvironments on the Early Earth"
Cooke, Colin, MS
"Lake Sediment Archives of Atmospheric Pollution from the Peruvian and Bolivian Andes"
Hamel, Barbara, MS
"Application of Strontium Isotope Ratios as Tracers of Coal Mine Drainage Provenance and Abatement Efficiency in the Omega Mine, Morgantown, West Virginia"
Stansell, Nathan, MS
"Last Glacial Maximum Equilibrium-Line Altitude Reconstruction, Paleo-Temperature Estimates and Deglacial Chronology of the Mérida Andes, Venezuela"
Walden, Katherine, MS
"Neodymium and Strontium Isotope Investigation of the Precambrian Kalkkloof Paleosol, South Africa"
Zorn, Erich, MS
"Meso- and Micro-scale Analysis of Foliated Rocks of the Southern Coast Belt: A Transect from Whistler to Lillooet, British Columbia"
Bluth, Jessica, MS
"Syn-eruptive Incision of Koko Crater, Oahu, Hawaii by Condensed Steam and Hot Cohesive Debris Flows: A Re-interpretation of the Type Locality of 'U-Shaped' Channels"
Mest, Scott, PhD
"Evolution of the Martian Highlands Geomorphic and Morphometric Analysis of Drainage Basins and Valley Networks & Multispectral Remote Sensing and Field Analyses of Channel Morphology and Bed Deposits of Intermittent Streams in Sub-arid and Arid Regions"
Nelson, Daniel, MS
"Holocene Paleoenvironmental History from Stable Isotopes in Lake Sediment, North-Central Washington State"
Osgood-Kutchko, Barbara, MS
"Late Holocene Climate Inferred From Varved Sediments: Blue Lake, Brooks Range, Alaska"
Beatty, William, PhD
"The Role of Spinose Ornament in Predator Deterrence and Epibiont Colonization: the Bivalve Arcinella, Pinecrest (Pliocene) of Florida"
Coyle, Paul, MS
"Structural and Stratigraphic Controls on the Distribution of the Buhrstone Siliceous Iron Ore, Allegheny Plateau, West Central Pennsylvania"
Deemer, Danielle, MS
"Structural History of Transpressional Deformation at a Constraining Bend at the Northern Terminus of the Las Vegas Valley Shear Zone, Mercury, Nevada: Implications for the Formation of the Yucca Mountain Region"
Grgich, Paula, MS
"Delineating the Subsurface: Using Surface Geophysics to Define Groundwater Flow Paths in a Carbonate Aquifer"
Homsey, Lara, MS
"Geochemical Characterization of Archaeological Sediments at Dust Cave, Alabama"
Kairies, Candace, PhD
"Characterization of Iron Hydroxide Precipitates Associated with Abandoned Mine Drainage in the Bituminous and Anthracite Regions of Pennsylvania"
Kuhn, Sally, MS
"Characterization of Dome Processes at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat: Synthesis of Infrared Remote Sensing Data with a Multi-parameter Database"
Love, Erica, MS
"Utilization of Airborne Thermal Infrared Imagery and Helicopter Mounted Electromagnetic Conductivity to Delimit Abandoned Mine Drainage and Abandoned Mine Pools in the Kettle Creek Watershed in North Central Pennsylvania"
Misner, Tamara, MS
"Multi-frequency, Multi-temporal, Brush Fire Scar Analysis in a Semi-arid Urban Environment"
Piatek, Jennifer, PhD
"Size-dependent Scattering Properties of Planetary Regolith Analogs"
Wright, Shawn, MS
"Thermal Infrared Data Analyses of Meteor Crater, Arizona: Implications for Mars Space-borne Data from the Thermal Emission Imaging System"
Bryant, Elizabeth, MS
"Geochemical Modeling of Coal Mine Drainage From a Bituminous Coal Field in Western Pennsylvania"
Byrnes, Jeffrey, PhD
Thesis title not available
Fouzan, Alfouzan, MS
Thesis title not available
Hellman, Melanie, MS
"Analysis of Hot Springs in Yellowstone National Park Using ASTER and AVIRIS Remote Sensing"
Hobbs, Gina, MS
"Characterizing Paleofluids in the Western Valley and Ridge Province of West Virginia: Uncovering the Path of Migrating 'Warm' Fluids"
Kim, Ann, PhD
"Fluid Extraction of Metals from Coal Fly Ash: Geochemical Simulation of Natural Leaching"
Lydy, Kristen, MS
"Strain Partitioning, Mineralogy, and Anisotropy of Magnetic Susceptibility (AMS) of the Oriskany Sandstone of Northeastern West Virginia"
Dembosky, John, PhD
"Paleotectonic Restoration of Miocene Estensional Strain of Crystalline Rock Provinces and Terranes in Southwestern North America"
Minervini, Joseph, MS
"Radiogenic Isotope Investigation of Sources, Transport, and Deposition of Rare Earth Elements in the Owens Lake Drainage Basin, Eastern California"
Pierce, Timothy, MS
"Morphologic and Topographic Analyses of Martian Debris Aprons"
Reynolds, Amanda, MS
"Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction of the Permo-Pennsylvanian Dunkard Basin: Geochemical Evidence for Lacustrine Core and Associated Paleosols"
Schatzel, Steven, PhD
"An Evaluation of the Origin and Post-Depositional Modification of Coal Mineral Matter Using Rare Earth Elements and Neodymium Isotopes"
Hale, Amy, PhD
"A Time Dependent Model of Radiative and Conductive Thermal Energy Transport in Planetary Regoliths with Applications to the Moon, Mercury and Io"
Lauffer, Sharon, MS
"Fault Sets, Systems and Basins, Yucca Mountain Region, Nevada: A Geographic Information Systems-Based Kinematic Analysis"
Pretti, Victoria, MS
"Geochemistry and Strontium Isotope Composition of Eastern Sierra and Western White-Inyo Mountain Streams: Solute Sources in Sierra Nevada Stream Water"
Sleeman, Garrett, MS
"Holocene Depositional History of Bac Ninh Provence, Vietnam: Effects of Geomorphic Development on Site Distribution"
Winters, William, MS
"Hydrogeologic and Geochemical Evolution of a Bituminous Coal Basin, Irwin Syncline, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania"
Zimmerman, Sarah, MS
"GIS Analysis and Stress Modeling of Tectonic Blocks at Cape Kamchatka, Russia Using Principal Stress Proxies From High Resolution SAR: New Evidence for the Komandorksiy Block"